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Enhanced Permissions

· Lectura de 4 minutos
Sarah Jamie Lewis

Last week, we mentioned that enhanced permissions are essential to implementing many of the aspects of the new hybrid groups design.

In this post we will introduce the new enhanced permissions api in libCwtch, explain why it is needed, and how future releases of Cwtch will manage conversation-level permissions.

How do conversation-level permissions work in Cwtch right now?

Underneath the libCwtch API, all conversations maintain an access control list. For peer-to-peer conversations this list has a single entry, keyed by the handle of the contact.

Currently, this access control list only maintains the Blocked-state of the contact. If a user blocks another, then this is where the flag is stored. While there are other fields in this list, they have been unused, until now.

Additionally, each conversation also stored an Accepted flag, indicating if the user has approved a contact request. The Accepted flag has many different effects including whether certain features (like file sharing) are accessible, or whether connection attempts with the contact are tried automatically.

What Are Enhanced Permissions?

The current approach has several issues; the major issue being that profiles have minimal control over how they interact with contacts. Ideally, you should be able to automatically attempt to connect with a given cwtch user, but not allow file shares, for example.

This is the initial driving use case behind Enhanced Permissions. Exposing this underlying ACL and augmenting it with additional flags like ShareFiles, RenderImages, and AutoConnect.


Enhanced permissions will be available through a new set of low level libCwtch APIs i.e.:

	UpdateConversationAccessControlList(id int, acl model.AccessControlList) error
EnhancedUpdateConversationAccessControlList(conversation int, serialized_acl string) error

GetConversationAccessControlList(conversation int) (model.AccessControlList, error)
EnhancedGetConversationAccessControlList(conversation int) (string, error)

As with other libCwtch APIs the Enhanced functions speak JSON and be suitable for integration with UIs and other clients that cannot speak the Go model.

AccessControlList maintains it's current structure, while AccessControl itself has been augmented with the fields described in the previous section.

Existing access-control APIs e.g. AcceptConversation, BlockConversation and UnblockConversation have been updated internally to use the augmented AccessControl model, and will be able to be safely used by existing and future clients.

However, the Accepted field in the Conversation model is now considered deprecated, and will be removed in a future Cwtch version.

How will Migration Work?

To simplify migration newer versions of Cwtch will detect if Enhanced Permissions have been enabled, and if they haven't will automatically turn on all new flags for Accepted conversations. This will maintain behaviour between versions, and should minimize any potential confusion.

You will then be able to modify this ACL on a per-conversation level in the Cwtch UI.

When will Enhanced Permissions be Available?

We are aiming to roll out a nightly with Enhanced Permissions in the coming weeks. We will then spend some time iterating on the UI to ensure that the new permissions are understandable and usable.

How does this fit into Hybrid Groups?

That is not the end of the story as far as Enhanced Permissions go. As I mentioned above for peer-to-peer conversations the ACL has a single entry.

For Hybrid Groups, this list will have multiple entries, for each member of the group. This will allow group admins to control who can post to a group, and what kinds of messages they can post.

How this list will be maintained, propagated, and authenticated by group members will be a topic of a future development log.

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